I n   the   morning   the   party   set   about   cleaning   out   the   bike’s   radiator   and   repairing   punctures   when   it   was   discovered   that   the   4WD's   air compressor   was   missing.      They   had   last   used   it   at   camp   three   nights   before   near   the   sandridge   on   the   David   Carnegie   Road.      Perhaps   it had   been   left   there   or   it   may   have   fallen   out   somehow   along   the   way.      It   was   not   an   emergency,   however,   as   the   bike   still   had   its   air compressor.      It   did   mean   though   that   there   was   increased   risk   when   the   two   vehicles   were far   apart.      John   and   Howard   in   the   4WD   carried   two   spare   tyres.     Alan   carried   no   spare   tyres on   the   bike;   he   simply   plugged   the   tyres   and   pumped   them   up   on   the   spot   after   a   puncture.     He   would   have   to   carry   the   air   compressor   as   if   he   got   a   puncture   he   would   be   unable   to   go anywhere.      If   Alan   was   in   trouble   on   the   bike   and   the   4WD   had   more   than   three   punctures trying   to   reach   him   problems   would   arise.     A   lot   of   thought   was   given   to   the   situation. As   the group   would   be   fairly   close   to   one   another   during   the   next   few   days   they   decided   to   continue on.  They proceeded east in convoy along the Gunbarrel Highway. They   headed   about   fifteen   kilometres   along   the   highway   until   they   were   approximately   north of   a   native   well   that   Carnegie   found   on   25   August   1896.      Carnegie   gave   reasonably   good directions   for   the   location   of   the   well.      From   a   cleared   area   just   north   of   the   well   Carnegie sighted   a   range   which   he   called   the   Browne   Range   and   named   two   conspicuous   points   Mount   Gordon   and   Mount   Everard.      He   found   the two   hills   were   at   80°   and   82°   respectively   and   another   smaller   hill   Geralds   K   was   at   107°.      Scattered   about   were   a   few   boulders   of granite. The   group   calculated   the   well   to   be   about   five   kilometres   south   of   their   position   on   the   Gunbarrel   Highway.      John   and   Howard   got   the table   and   chairs   out   along   with   the   kettle   and   relaxed   in   the   partial   shade   of   some   trees.     Alan   headed   off   to   see   if   he   could   find   the   well   but   after   about   an   hour   gave   up   (above) as   he   could   not   find   even   a   small   boulder.      He   went   back   to   the   others   waiting   on   the highway and they had lunch together. At   the   side   of   the   road   a   small   ceremony   took place    and    a    sign    was    erected    to    indicate    the position    where    Carnegie    would    have    passed, which   was   in   a   northerly   direction   at   right   angles to   the   highway.      Future   travellers   on   this   road can     find     this     sign     about     midway     between Geraldton bore and Everard Junction. Now   they   were   to   split   up   again   to   meet   about   20 kilometres    away.        Carnegie    went    about    three kilometres   north   of   here   before   turning   to   the   north-east.      Alan   went   off   on   the   bike   to   do   the same and made good progress as the country was flat and open. John   and   Howard   in   turn   headed   along   the   Gunbarrel   Highway   to   Everard   Junction   which   is where   the   Gary   Highway   joins   the   Gunbarrel   Highway.      From   there   they   turned   to   the   north   to start   heading   up   the   Gary   Highway.      They   would   be   the   first   party   on   this   road   in   2003.      It   had been   arranged   to   meet Alan   in   the   vicinity   of   Charlies Knob,   a   feature   of   Carnegie's   which   is   a   part   of   the Young    Range.        Carnegie    first    saw    Charlies    Knob from   the   south-west.      When   he   saw   it   he   headed   in its   direction.      It   is   in   the   vicinity   of   Charlies   Knob   and the    Young    Range    that    Carnegie    may    have    made some    errors    in    identifying    the    positions    of    some features   nearby.      Charlies   Knob   is   officially   located   at Lat    25    02.983S,    Long    124    59.077E    and    there    is some   reason   for   this   to   be   justified.      There   is   another   feature   nearby,   however,   that   is perhaps more justified in having the name Charlies Knob (more later). Everyone   met   up   near   a   small   hill   just   off   the   Gary   Highway   where   there   was   a   cleared camping   area   and   then   proceeded   to   locate   a   suitable   place   to   camp   further   east   within   the range.      They   travelled   a   short   distance   north   along   the   highway   and   a   track   was   found leading   into   the   range   and   camp   was   made   well   before   nightfall   at   the   end   of   the   track.      The   site   had   obviously   been   used   previously   by others as a camping area. It   was   22   April   2003   and   the   group   had   their   first   basecamp.      Here   they   would   camp   until   the   next   morning   whilst   exploring   the   nearby country.      Howard   and   John   were   content   to   rest   at   camp   for   a   while   but Alan   started   the   day   early   with   a   quick   ride   up   to   the   cairn   on   top of   Charlies   Knob   (above).      From   here   the   Browne   Range   was   visible   to   the   south.      Mount   Gordon   and   Mount   Everard   were   also   visible.     Carnegie's   Geralds   K   was   also   clearly   visible   though   for   some   reason   it   is   still   unnamed   officially.     Alan   then   did   a   bit   of   exploring   nearby to the west hoping to find what could be the real Charlies Knob before heading back to camp about 9:30am. Carnegie   explored   the   Young   Range   naming   a   few   features.      He   mentions   a   creek   or   storm   channel   near   a   hill   he   called   Smoke   Hill, along   with   a   hill   at   the   end   of   the   range   he   called   Mount   Colin.      He   also   mentions   a   hill   to   the   east   of   the   ranges   he   called   Mount   Cox.      He went up the aforementioned creek and further to discover a native well he called Warri Well which gave the party much needed water. The   current   group   of   explorers   in   both   their   vehicles   spent   the   rest   of   the   morning   trying   to   find   an   access   track   into   Mount   Colin   to   no avail,   obviously   not   one   of   the   most   popular   tourist   spots.         The   terrain   was   rough   and   rocky   and   the   bush   thick.      They   had   hoped   they might be able to have a look for Warri Well on the way there. They   located   an   old   cleared   line   and   it   got   them   about   two   kilometres   off   the   road   but   this   petered   out   and   resulted   in   a   puncture   (picture right).      After   changing   the   tyre   the   group   headed   back   to   the   basecamp   to   relax   and   have   some   lunch   and   decide   what   the   afternoon might hold for them.  Howard and John took the afternoon off relaxing, attending to minor chores and exploring around the camp. Alan   decided   to   take   the   bike   and   follow   the   ranges   to   the   east.      He   hoped   to   find   a   tree   that Carnegie blazed with a “C” near the creek that Carnegie found. He   rode   for   about   30   minutes   skirting   the   range   on the   northern   side   when   he   decided   to   gain   a   better view   of   the   surrounding   area.      He   found   a   vantage point    on    the    range    and    from    there    could    see    the surrounding   plain   for   kilometres.      On   the   plain   to   the north-east   several   kilometres   away   was   an   isolated hill,     rather     imposing,     as     it     contrasted     with     the neighbouring   vegetation.      There   could   be   no   doubt that   this   was   Carnegie's   Smoke   Hill   (pictured)   and Alan wasted no time in heading towards it. On   arriving   at   the   hill   he   explored   the   summit   and admired the ranges (right). From   Smoke   Hill   Alan   continued   following   a   course   parallel   to   the   ranges   seeking   the   creek that   Carnegie   mentioned.      On   his   expedition   map   it   shows   the   creek   to   the   east   of   a   bluff   or hill,   which   would   probably   be   Smoke   Hill.      Sure   enough   after   about   two   kilometres   a   creek   was found.      Carnegie   described   this   as   a   “storm   channel”   and   the   creek   that   Alan   found   certainly suits this description (pictures below). Carnegie   said   he   followed   it   downstream   for   a   while   then   cut a   “C”   into   a   green   and   fresh   white   gum.      From   where   Alan found   the   creek   [Lat   24   56.635S,   Long   125   05.307E]   and   for about   five   kilometres   to   the   north   downstream   he   stopped and   checked   every   gum   tree   that   looked   over   100   years   old for    the    marking.    It    looked    as    though    a    fire    had    spread through   the   area   some   years   before   and   it   was   not   really surprising   that Alan   found   no   sign   of   the   “C”.      The   creek   now started   to   spread   out   and   became   fairly   ill-defined.      It   was probably   north-west   of   here   several   kilometres   in   the   direction   that   the   creek   flows   that Carnegie's    companion    Warri    found    the    well    that    was named after him. This   area   is   the   lowest   in   elevation   for   kilometres   around   and   Carnegie   mentioned   in   his   diary   that   the well   was   in   the   “lowest   level   of   the   flat”.            He   also   mentions   in   his   book   that   a   bare   patch   of   rock   on Mount   Colin   bears   138°   from   the   well.     This   may   be   another   technical   error   as   Smoke   Hill   is   more   likely to bear 138° from the estimated position of the well. It   was   getting   near   sunset   and   Alan   had   to   head   back   to   camp.   This   was   a   shame   as   it   would   have been   interesting   to   search   in   the   area   of   Warri   Well.      He   made   it   back   to   the   others   about   one   hour after   dark   and   shared   his   discoveries   with   an   eager   audience   which   included   many   large   insects (right). Notes on Charlies Knob: As   mentioned   previously   there   is   some   discrepancy   between   what   is   currently   named   Charlies   Knob   and   what   Carnegie   meant   to   be named as such. Carnegie   mentions   in   his   book,   “we   altered   our   course   to   the   highest   point,   a   queer   dome-shaped   peak,   which   we   called   Charlie's   Knob as   he   had   first   seen   the   hills.”      The   current   Charlies   Knob   is   547   metres   high   and   is   the   second   highest   point   of   the   Young   Range.      The highest   point   on   the   range   is   to   the   east   about   five   kilometres   away   at   552   metres   but   would   have   been   hard   to   identify   from   where Carnegie first saw the knob. The   picture   (below)   shows   the   alternate   Charlies   Knob   from   the   north-east.   It   is   located   at   Lat   25   03.091S,   Long   124   58.424E   and   is located   on   the   west   side   of   the   Gary   Highway.         This   knob,   from   the   south-west,   the   direction   Carnegie   first   saw   it,   looks   to   be   at   the   very end   of   the   range   and   does   appear   as   a   dome-shaped   peak.      The   current   Charlies   Knob   does   not   appear   as   a   dome   but   is   just   the   high point of a section of the range. From   his   book,   “Three   miles   more   of   rugged   ground   the   next   morning   brought   us   to   Charlie's Knob,   and   beyond   it   the   range.”      This   is   a   further   indication   that   the   alternate   Charlies   Knob may be the actual knob as there is a gap between it and the range of around 300 metres. Again   from   his   book,   “On   Charlie's   Knob   a   queer   little   natural   pinnacle   of   rock   stands   half- way   up   the   side,   and   from   a   hill   close   by,   an   excellent   view   of   the   Browne   Range   was obtained,   Mount   Gordon   bearing   148°.”      It   is   likely   that   in   the   picture   (above),   the   pinnacle that   Carnegie   is   referring   to   is   the   small   hill   to   the   south   of   the   larger   hill,   which   is   pictured (below)   from   close   up.      From   Charlies   Knob   which   is   probably   the   hill   close   by   that   Carnegie mentioned, Mount Gordon bears 149.5° which is pretty close to Carnegie's bearing. In   Carnegie's   diary   he   contradicts   his   book   and   writes   that   from   the   top   of   a   square   hill   behind the   knob   to   the   south,   Mount   Gordon,   Mount   Everard   and   Geralds   K   bear   148°,   152°and 175°   respectively.      Alan   took   bearings   of   149.5°,   153.5°   and   176°   respectively   from   Charlies Knob!      It   seems   that   Carnegie   took   his   bearings,   either   way   from   Charlies   Knob.      Charlies Knob   does   not   have   either   a   “queer   little   natural   pinnacle   of   rock”   halfway   up   its   side   or   “a square   hill”   behind   it   to   the   south.      The   alternate   Charlies   Knob   does   on   both   counts   as mentioned previously. It   is   up   to   the   reader   to   decide   as   to   the   veracity   of   this   evidence   and   decide   if   the   alternate Charlies   Knob   is   worthy   of   recognition   as   the   real   knob   or   whether   the   present   Charlies   Knob should remain named as such.